General Topic: Usually a few words or a phrase that you'd be interested in researching.
Background Research: searching and reading a variety of information about your general topic in order to decide where you want to focus your research.
The thesis statement is a sentence within the introduction of your paper describing what you will discuss through the rest of the paper.
Violence in the media is a significant contributor to the recent gun violence in schools.
Intervention and education can reduce the amount of bullying that occurs in schools.