APA format is most commonly used in the social sciences. Always check with your instructor to determine which style you should be using.
Offers examples of APA style formatting and proper citation for this style.
The official APA style page, offering online tutorials to learn the style.
APA style follows a basic format when citing works. It is important however to check your work as different sources have specific requirements.
The basic formula for citing a book is: Author, A. A. (Year of publication). Title of work: Capital letter also for subtitle. Location: Publisher.
Example: Clemens, C., & Beardsall, R. (2011). Western Pennsylvania reflections: Stories from the Alleghenies to Lake Erie. Charleston, SC: History Press.
The basic formula for citing a journal article is: Author, A. A., Author, B. B., & Author, C. C. (Year). Title of article. Title of Periodical, volume number(issue number), pages. http://doi.org/xx.xxx/yyyyy
Example: Winch, J. (2012). Colonization and its discontents: Emancipation, emigration, and antislavery in antebellum Pennsylvania, Journal of American History, 99(3), 905-915. http://dx.doi.org/10.1093/jahist/jas332
The basic formula for citing a website is: Author, A.A. & Author, B.B. (Date of publication). Title of document. Retrieved from http://Web address
Example: Bricker, E. (2018). 7 habits by Stephen Covey applied to healthcare - continued. Retrieved from https://www.compassphs.com/blog/7-habits-by-stephen-covey-applied-to-healthcare-continued/
Need a citation in a hurry? Check out these builders:
Citation Builder (NCSU Libraries)
Creates citations for the following styles
Creates citations for MLA, APA, and Chicago styles. Now uses APA 7 and MLA 9.
Creates citations for law and legal sources.
If you are putting together a large research project, it's smart to collect all of your sources in one area. These links connect you to citation managers which allow you to save, organize, and format citations for later use when completing your project.
--A free program that allows users to easily source information from a website.
--A program available through IUP that allows users to manage their citations easily.
--A subscription program ($15 per year) designed for students.