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Citation Guides and Styles

Information for APA, MLA, and other citation styles with tools and tips for managing citations.

APA Style

APA format is most commonly used in the social sciences. Always check with your instructor to determine which style you should be using.

APA Quick Links

Purdue OWL

Offers examples of APA style formatting and proper citation for this style.

APA Style Page

The official APA style page, offering online tutorials to learn the style.

APA Style Guide

Examples of APA Style

APA style follows a basic format when citing works. It is important however to check your work as different sources have specific requirements.


The basic formula for citing a book is: Author, A. A. (Year of publication). Title of work: Capital letter also for subtitle. Location: Publisher.

Example: Clemens, C., & Beardsall, R. (2011). Western Pennsylvania reflections: Stories from the Alleghenies to Lake Erie. Charleston, SC: History Press.

Journal Article

The basic formula for citing a journal article is: Author, A. A., Author, B. B., & Author, C. C. (Year). Title of article. Title of Periodical, volume number(issue number), pages.

Example: Winch, J. (2012). Colonization and its discontents: Emancipation, emigration, and antislavery in antebellum Pennsylvania, Journal of American History, 99(3), 905-915.


The basic formula for citing a website is: Author, A.A. & Author, B.B. (Date of publication). Title of document. Retrieved from http://Web address

Example: Bricker, E. (2018). 7 habits by Stephen Covey applied to healthcare - continued. Retrieved from

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